Health Questions and Answers

Archive for February, 2008

Question: What comorbid diseases are directly attributable to obesity?

Wednesday, February 27th, 2008

Answer: Type 2 diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, hypertension, deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolus, lymphedema thrombophlebitis, weight-bearing osteoarthritis (involving the hip, knees, ankles, and feet), low back syndrome, herniated disk, lower extremity edema, gallbladder disease, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), asthma, sleep apnea, pseudotumor cerebri, cirrhosis, varicosities, intertriginous dermatitis, breast cancer, uterine cancer, prostrate cancer, and […]

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Question: Which vitamin deficiencies might develop in a patient maintained on long-term TPN (> 6 mo) containing only Na+, K+, Cl-, HCO3-, glucose, and amino acids?

Wednesday, February 27th, 2008

Answer: This TPN solution clearly is lacking in vitamins and trace minerals. In a matter of weeks, the patient would be expected to develop deficiencies in magnesium, zinc, essential fatty acids, and water-soluble vitamins (with the exception of B12). Over several months, vitamin K and copper deficiencies would develop. Over a period of years, deficiencies […]

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