Certainly, athletes are more concerned with their weight than non-athletes. And anorectics are frequently compulsively athletic. In certain runners, for example, it is clear that their athletic activity is driven by motives similar to the anorectic. Yet, there is no proven association between athleticism and anorexia. The athlete loses weight to improve athletic performance and as a consequence of the activity itself. true, there are such things as compulsive runners and athletic training assumes a compulsive quality in most good athletes. The athlete, however, is rarely driven by the disordered body image and the intense food avoidance which characterizes the anorectic.