Health Questions and Answers

Question: Define functional incontinence. What causes it?


Functional incontinene is leakage of urine associated with inability to toilet because of impairment of cognitive and/or physical functioning, psychological unwillingness, or environmental barriers. It is seen in severe dementia and other neurologic disorders as well as psychological conditions such as depression, regression, anger, and hostility.

Reference: Kane RL, et al: Essentials of Clinical Geriatrics, 5th ed. New York, McGraw-Hill, 2004. 

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