Health Questions and Answers

Question: What are the complications of Esophageal Foreign Bodies?

Answer:

  1. Esophageal perforation or abscess formation occurs in 0.6%- 1.0%, which is generally caused by sharp objects or prolonged impaction, or it is iatrogenically produced secondary to removal. Minor complications such as esophageal abrasions and lacerations occur in 1%.
  2. Airway obstruction usually occurs in children only when a large bolus is impacted, causing compression of the posterior portion of the trachea, which is softer and more compressible in children
  3. Aspiration pneumonia usually occurs in children or mentally handicapped persons with unrecognized long standing impaction that produces aspiration and subsequent repiratory symptoms.

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