Health Questions and Answers

Question: How is tumor lysis syndrome treated?

Answer:

Treatment is the same as for renal failure, with vigorous hydration, dialysis if necessary, and appropriate treatment of electrolyte disorders. Prophylactic treatment with aggressive hydration and allopurinol prior to administering chemotherapy in susceptible patients can prevent this serious complication.

Reference: Calabresi P, Schein PS (eds): Basic Principles and Clinical Management of Cancer, 2nd ed. New York, Macmillan, 1993

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