Health Questions and Answers

Question: What is a Bartholin’s cyst? What causes it?


A Bartholin’s cyst is something of a misnomer. It is actually a dilation of the duct of the Bartholin’s gland. The gland is a mucin-secreting gland in the vulva. The duct becomes obstructed, dilates, and fills with fluid. This soft tissue mass in the vulva is referred to as a Bartholin’s cyst. 

Reference: Lee YH, Rankin JS, Alpert S, et al. Microbiological investigation of Bartholin’s gland abscesses and cysts. Am J Obstet Gynecol 129:150-153, 1977. Medline Similar articles 

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