Health Questions and Answers

Question: What is atrophic vaginitis? How is it treated?

Answer:

Atrophic vaginitis is vulvar irritation and inflammation secondary to atrophy of the vaginal mucosa. This occurs due to inadequate estrogen and is associated with menopause. It can also occur with breastfeeding. Atrophic vaginitis is not an infection and does not require antibiotics. It is treated with supplemental estrogen either locally in the vagina or systemically.

Reference: Sobel JD. Vaginitis. N Eng J Med 337:1896-903, 1997. Full article

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