Health Questions and Answers

Question: What is Budd-Chiari syndrome?

Answer:

Partial or complete obstruction of blood flow out of the liver, usually involving the hepatic veins. The patient characteristically presents with hepatomegaly, ascites, and abdominal pain. Underlying etiologies include myeloproliferative disorders (∼50%), malignancy, infections of the liver, oral contraceptive pills, pregnancy, collagen vascular diseases, and hypercoagulable states.

Reference: Reddy KR, Long WB (eds): The Requisites in Gastroenterology: Vol 3: Hepatobiliary Tract and Pancreas. St. Louis, Mosby, 2003.

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