Health Questions and Answers

Question: What is the Glasgow Coma Scale?

Answer:

A simple reproducible scoring system used in trauma patients to define the level of coma. It is useful for standardizing assessments among multiple observers and for monitoring changes in the degree of coma. The score is determined by eliciting the best response obtained from the patient in three categories. It is not sensitive enough to detect subtle alterations of consciousness in the noncomatose patient.

Glasgow Coma Scale

Observation Points
Eye Opening Spontaneous

To verbal command

To pain

No response

4

3

2

1

Best verbal response Oriented/ converses

Confused conversation

Inappropriate words

Incomprehensible sounds

No response

5

4

3

2

1

Best motor response Obeys

Localizes pain

Flexion withdrawal

Decorticate posture

Decerebrate posture

No response

6

5

4

3

2

1

Total points 3-15

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