Health Questions and Answers

Should individuals with diabetes be on low-fat diet?

There has been a lot of debates about whether diabetic patients should consume a low-fat diet. It is nice that this controversy arises in a diabetic individual more than in nondiabetic population; bear in mind that low fat diet is still recommended for the prevention and treatment of coronary artery disease. A lot of studies have shown that when an isocaloric high-carbohydrate, low fat diet is compared with a certain patient whose diet higher in fat and lower in carbohydrate, the high carbohydrate diet tends to result in hypertriglyceridemia. So because of this the ADA hedge on the subject of fat content and state that diets moderately high in monounsaturated fat may be acceptable as long as saturated fat is restricted. The studies that show hypertriglyceridemia as a result of ingestion of a high carbohydrates diet were conducted in clinical research centers and may not be relevant to free living individuals, who tend to consume fewer calories when on a low-fat diet than when on a diet higher in fat. Therefore, it is best to recommend a high-carbohydrate (50-60% of calorie), low fat (20-30% of calories) diet for people with type 2 diabetes.

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