Health Questions and Answers

Question: What are the risk factors for IPV?


Intimate partner violence (IPV) occurs in all socioeconomic classes and in all races. Women at greatest risk include those with male partners who abuse alcohol or use drugs; are unemployed; have less than a high school education; or are the former husband, estranged husband, or former boyfriend of the woman. Women who are younger than 30 years; who are single, divorced, separated, or pregnant; or who abuse drugs or alcohol classically have been viewed as at increased risk for IPV. It is unclear, however, if some of these risk factors lead to the partner abuse or are a result of living in an abusive situation.

Reference: Haywood YC, Haile-Mariam T: Violence against women. Emerg Med Clin North Am 17:603-615, 1999.

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