Health Questions and Answers

Question: What other risk factors have been identified?

Answer:

Other factors include poor dental hygiene and viral and occupational exposures. The Epstein-Barr and Herpes simplex type I viruses have been implicated in up to 15% of cases. Woodworkers have an increased incidence of nasopharyngeal cancer. Syphilitic glossitis predisposes to tongue cancer, and nickel compounds to nasal sinus cancer.

Reference: Holland JF, Frei E, et al (eds): Cancer Medicine, 6th ed. New York, BC Decker, 2003.

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